The Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Corruption as a facilitator of smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons

The role of corruption as a facilitator of both smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons remains overlooked and undocumented. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific (ROSEAP) in partnership with the Regional Support Office of the Bali Process (RSO) have produced two key publications to address this identified gap. These products set out to promote understanding of, and strengthen response to, the role of corruption in these two crime types across the Bali Process region, with a particular focus on Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States. 

Study on Corruption as a Facilitator of Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons in the Bali Process Region with a focus on Southeast Asia. This study builds on existing research and draws on systematic collection and analysis of open-source material, including primary and secondary sources to inform a desk review. That desk review was supplemented by fifty survey responses from governments, international organisations and civil society organisations across Bali Process Member States, as well as interviews with experts across Southeast Asia and beyond. The resulting study provides in-depth, exploratory research that sheds light on the nature and forms of corruption involved in smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons as well as the different ways individuals are vulnerable to and experience corruption. The study offers a set of recommendations to inform responses to the interlinked phenomena of corruption, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons.  

Research Brief on Corruption as a Facilitator of Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons in the Bali Process Region with a focus on Southeast Asia. This Research Brief offers a snapshot of the full study described above, providing a succinct overview of the research conducted and summarizing the main findings and concrete recommendations to emerge from the full report.