The Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Manila Process

At the initiative of IOM, participants from eleven countries from East and South East Asia met in Manila on 5-6 December 1996 to discuss and exchange views on the topic of irregular migration and migrant trafficking in the region. There was widespread and shared concern over the growth in irregular migration, of which migrant smuggling is only one form, albeit a particularly abusive and dangerous one.

The Manilar Process focused on the following topics:

  • Irregular migration and trafficking;
  • Root causes of regular and irregular migration;
  • Return and reintegration;
  • Entry/border control;
  • Remittances;
  • Migrants' rights;
  • Capacity building; and
  • Information sharing.

16 Members (in red)

Australia
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China
Indonesia
Japan
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Republic of Korea
Singapore
Thailand
Viet Nam
Hong Kong (SAR of China)

 

Observers / Partners
International Organization for Migration (IOM)

 

The Manila Process is no longer active.